One of the most pioneering text of Political Science “The Prince” was written by the Florentine Statesman and writer Niccolo Machiavelli stands among the most original and lasting achievements of Italian Renaissance thought. As a young Florentine ambessador to the courts of France and the Italian principalities, Machiavelli was able to observe the lives of people strongly united under one powerful ruler. His fascination with the political rarity and his intense desire to see the Madici family assumed a similar role in Italy provided the foundation for his primer for princes.
In this masterpiece, Machiavelli speaks of some qualities of a good ruler. In this regard,it seems that Machiavelli is not much concerned with morality or religious values. He speaks of three ends which every ruler should aim at. They are to gain power, to retain power and to extend power. Besides these, he emphasizes on the following qualities that a ruler should possess:
* A ruler should know the art of deception.
* A ruler should not be religious.
* A ruler should look virtuous but he should not be virtuous at all.
So, according to Machiavelli, the ends are important, not the means. The ruler should choose only those means which would fulfill his political ends. Moreover, Machiavelli’s political theory is scientific and is based on his own experience of affairs.