Summary of the poem “How to Tell Wild Animals” by Carolyn Wells | NCERT Class 10 | English First Flight

Introduction to the poem “How to Tell Wild Animals”

“How to Tell Wild Animals” is a very humorous poem written by Carolyn Wells. The poem explains the characteristics of various wild animals in a very hilarious way. The language used in the poem generates a lot of humour in the minds of the readers. The poet introduces the readers to various kinds of wild animals like Asian lion, Bengal tiger, bear, leopard, etc. and explains each of the animals in a very humorous way. She says that one can identify these animals by the way they attack him or her.

Stanza-wise Summary of the poem “How to Tell Wild Animals”


If ever you should go by chance

To jungles in the east;

And if there should to you in advance

A large and tawny beast,

If he roars at you as you’re dyin’

You’ll know it is the Asian Lion…..

Continue reading “Summary of the poem “How to Tell Wild Animals” by Carolyn Wells | NCERT Class 10 | English First Flight”

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English Major Notes

Summary | Analysis | Explanation of The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx | Bourgeois and the Bourgeoisie | Spread of Socialism


‘The Communist Menifesto’ by Karl Marx (1818-1883) begins with a discussion of the issue of class antagonism. Marx writes, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle.” Throughout history we see the oppressor and the oppressed in constant opposition to each other. This fight is sometimes hidden and sometimes open. However, each time the fight ends in either a revolutionary reconstruction of society or in the common ruin of the classes.

Continue reading “Summary | Analysis | Explanation of The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx | Bourgeois and the Bourgeoisie | Spread of Socialism”

English Major Notes

Analysis/Summary/Critical Appreciation/theme of “Hunger” by Jayanta Mahapatra


Jayanta Mahapatra’s poem ‘Hunger’ is a famous poem written on a unique theme. The poem clearly says about the need for food, and the appetite for flesh and sex, both animal desires. The poor fisherman’s daughter, driven by poverty, is offered for the sexual gratification of the Prufrock-type visitor. The woman’s desire for food cannot be met in normal circumstances. She belongs to a poor father who is in no position to provide for her food. The visitor, apparently a man burdened by passion and guilt at the same time, must have her to release his tension, but cannot overcome the usual pricking of his conscience. Mahapatra’s poetry also has references to the story of Kubuja, the hunchback, who was cured by Krishna in the famous and popular ‘Krishnaleela’ stories. Mahapatra makes an ironical inversion of the expression ‘chips on the shoulder,’ suggestive of pride and overconfidence, as opposed to the nervous sexual energy of the young man. Continue reading “Analysis/Summary/Critical Appreciation/theme of “Hunger” by Jayanta Mahapatra”

English Major Notes

“I Too Sing America” by Langston Hughes – complete poem

I, Too

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.

I’ll be at the table
When company comes.
Nobody’ll dare
Say to me,
“Eat in the kitchen,”

They’ll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed,—

I, too, am America.

Download pdf of the poem:



Also Read: Review/Analysis/Critical appreciation/Summary of the poem “I Too Sing America” by Langston Hughes

English Major Notes

Review/Analysis/Critical appreciation/Summary of the poem “I Too Sing America” by Langston Hughes

I Too Sing America” by Langston Hughes is an anti-discrimination poem that talks about the injustice of the whites to the blacks. It is believed that in America, the whites are always prejudiced against the blacks because of their colour of the skin. This unfair treatment makes the blacks feel that they do not belong to this country but they are only servants or slaves. But in this poem, the poet feels as if he is in a great competition with the whites as he insists on proving to them that he is an American person. Continue reading “Review/Analysis/Critical appreciation/Summary of the poem “I Too Sing America” by Langston Hughes”

English Major Notes

Nissim Ezekiel’s poem “Very Indian Poem in Indian English”- complete poem

I am standing for peace and non-violence.
Why world is fighting fighting
Why all people of world
Are not following Mahatma Gandhi,
I am simply not understanding.
Ancient Indian Wisdom is 100% correct.
I should say even 200% correct.
But modern generation is neglecting-
Too much going for fashion and foreign thing. Continue reading “Nissim Ezekiel’s poem “Very Indian Poem in Indian English”- complete poem”

English Major Notes

Complete Poem “An Introduction” by Kamala Das

I don’t know politics but I know the names
Of those in power, and can repeat them like
Days of week, or names of months,  beginning with Nehru.
I am an Indian, very brown, born in Malabar, I speak three languages, write in
Two, dream in one. Don’t write in English, they said,

Continue reading “Complete Poem “An Introduction” by Kamala Das”

English Major Notes

Who were Anglo-Saxon people? Briefly discuss the invasion of England by the Anglo-Saxons.


    The Anglo-Saxon people were the Germanic settlers who came to Britain during the 5th and 6th centuries.
Some of the Anglo-Saxon people came to Britain in order to fight and occupy it. But some others came peacefully to find land for farming. The Anglo-Saxons knew that Britain was a rich land. Their own land often flooded, making it difficult to grow enough food. Moreover, there was not enough land in comparison to their population. Continue reading “Who were Anglo-Saxon people? Briefly discuss the invasion of England by the Anglo-Saxons.”

English Major Notes

Write a note on the Reformation movement and its impact/effect on English literature | Causes of Reformation


 The Reformation movement was a momentous event in the history of Europe and it was occasioned by the corruption and evil practices of the Roman Catholic. The movement by Martin Luther aimed at creating a new religion that could be based upon the scriptures. It was after a long time that the English church passed from a position of chaos and confusion into a state of stability. It was during the reign of King Henry VIII that the reformation was turned at once a into a political, religious and a social event. The recognition of the King as the head of the church, the subjection of the clergy to the laity and the division of the estates and social influence of the monasteries among the ordinary people constituted a great social and religious revolution. It was a consequence of this movement that protestantism was born. The reformed religion was also called new religion and very soon its influence was felt over a wide area in England as well as in other parts of the continent. Continue reading “Write a note on the Reformation movement and its impact/effect on English literature | Causes of Reformation”

Class XII English CBSE and AHSEC

CBSE/AHSEC Class 12 English Sample Paper for practice – 2019


Class: XII               Marks: 60        Time: 2 hours
(Advanced Writing Skills : 25 marks)

1. You are the Personal Manager of Hotel Taj International, Guwahati. You need two lady receptionists and five security guards for the hotel. Write out an advertisement for the posts which is to be published in an English daily.                                    5


You are the Secretary of the English Literary Association of Genius Academy, Lakhimpur. Write out a notice for the college notice-board, inviting names of those who would like to participate in the proposed inter-college debate competition.

2. You are Deepshikha/ Dipak of Genius Academy, Lakhimpur. Your school has organized a Blood Donation Camp on the occasion of its Silver Jubilee Celebrations. Write a report within 100-125 words as an editor of your college magazine on the camp organized at your college.                                                                                10


You are an eye-witness to a road accident resulting in loss of human life and property. As a press reporter, write a report in about 100-125 words.

3. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper on reckless driving. You are Raushan/Rashmi living in Lakhimpur.                                                                         10


You are Bijoy/ Bijita. You have seen an advertisement for the post of Sales Executive in a Multi-national Company. Write a formal application for the post in response to the advertisement. Continue reading “CBSE/AHSEC Class 12 English Sample Paper for practice – 2019”